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科技行业联手进步人工智能研讨可控性

工夫:2016-10-08 10:01 阅读:

A handful of the most powerful US tech companies have promised to bring more control and openness to the development of artificial intelligence, in an attempt to stem growing worries about a technology seen as destroying jobs, increasing income inequality and even threatening the future of humanity.

几家最具影响力的美国高科技企业曾经答应,要令人工智能(AI)技能的开辟愈加可控和通明,试图借此停止人们对该技能日益添加的担心。人们担忧,人工智能技能会招致任务岗亭流失,加剧支出不屈等,乃至要挟到人类的将来。

The plans by the companies, including Google, Microsoft and Facebook, amounted to what one member of the group said was the first time an industry had ever banded together to shape the impact of a technology that had such a broad effect on the future of humanity.

施行这一方案的公司包罗谷歌(Google)、微软(Microsoft)和Facebook。该构造一名成员表现,这一方案即是是一个行业初次结合起来,束缚一种普遍影响人类将来的技能。

AI is on the cusp of transforming society and the consequences of this have to be studied in the open, said Yann LeCun, head of AI at Facebook and one of the pioneers of deep learning, the technique that has propelled recent breakthroughs in the field.

Facebook人工智能主管扬?莱库(Yann LeCun)表现:人工智能行将改动整个社会,必需地下研讨这种改动的结果。

It will transform the way we connect with each other, the way we get information, medicine, transport, the way cities are organised.

这种技能将改动我们相互联结的方法,改动我们获取信息、取得药品、展开交通运输的方法,改动都会的构造构造。

The companies, which also include Amazon and IBM, announced a non-profit, called the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society, to carry out the work.

这些企业还包罗了亚马逊(Amazon)和IBM。它们宣布建立一个名为人工智能造福人类和社汇合作构造(Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society)的非红利机构,以展开这项任务。

It will conduct research into ethical questions about how AI affects society at large, and develop ways to make the new technology more transparent and understandable.

该构造将对有关人工智能详细怎样影响社会的伦理题目展开研讨,并找到进步这种新技能通明度、低落其了解难度的方法。

However, the biggest impetus behind the initiative has been the growing public and government worries about how such a powerful new technology will affect many aspects of life.

该建议面前的最大动机,源于大众和当局对这种威力宏大的技能将怎样影响生存方方面面越来越担忧。

Eric Horvitz, an AI researcher at Microsoft, said the technology was at an inflection point, and that challenges were becoming clear.

微软人工智能研讨职员埃里克?霍维茨(Eric Horvitz)表现,该技能是个转机点,相干应战正浮出水面。

These include the hidden biases in algorithms that make implicit assumptions after being trained with specific sets of data; questions about the safety and trustworthiness of systems that often take decisions for reasons even their own programmers cannot understand; and ethical judgments that are embedded in systems to influence how they interact with humans in given situations.

这些应战包罗:顺序中的隐形成见,即用特定命据集训练后,顺序会带上隐含假定条件;一些零碎每每会以其开辟职员也不克不及了解的逻辑做出决议计划,这些零碎的平安性和可信托水平题目;怎样设计人工智能零碎中嵌入的伦理判别,这些伦理判别会在特定场所影响零碎与人类的互动。

The Microsoft researcher said the group had looked back through the history of science, to the introduction of sweeping new technologies such as electricity and human flight, and not found any precedents for the industry-wide effort.

这位微软研讨职员表现,该构造回忆了迷信史,调查了电气技能和航空技能等事先全新技能的引入,没有发明这种全行业高兴的先例。

He also denied that there was an explicit attempt in the notion of self-regulation to repel government intrusion in the field.

他还否定该范畴存在名为自律、实为抵抗当局进犯的明白希图。

Instead, he said the industry research should be welcomed by governments, which often find it hard to understand the impact of such technologies.

相反,他表现当局会欢送这一全行业展开的研讨,由于当局每每很难了解此类技能的影响。

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